The three major causes of golf injuries are:
1) Postural instability
2) Lack of flexibility
3) Misaligned swing mechanics
The golf swing requires the spine to rotate, bend laterally and extend. This requires flexibility that is golf specific.
Golfers suffer from a variety of injuries. Below I have listed the most common injuries for the PGA and LPGA.
PGA: Low Back Pain (25%), Left Wrist (16.1%), Left Shoulder (10.9%), Left Knee (7%), Left Hand (6%)
LPGA: Left Wrist (31.3%), Lower Back (22.4%), Left Hand (7.5%), Left Knee (6%)
Here is a list of common causes of golfing injuries: Amateur and professional: most common is repetitive practice. Amateurs, poor swing mechanics is the 2nd most common. Swing faults are responsible for both amateurs and pros joint complex dysfunction and de-conditioning syndrome. Increased club lengths have contributed as an injury promoter.
Back Pain: Due to the notorious X-Factor as much as 8 times the normal force is put into your low back during a golf swing. The golf swing subjects the lower back to rapid, complex, and intense loading patterns. The lower back must contend with significant lateral bending, shear, compression, and torsional forces. For example, the golf swing generates a peak compression load of more than eight times the body weight in both amateurs and professionals, whereas running and rowing only generate four and seven times body weight, respectively. It is not surprising that 62% of golfers will incur an injury directly related to the sport.
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Take a look at this video of a golfer that was experiencing back and wrist pain and now with some minor swing changes no longer has the ill effect.